The phenomenon is the eighth of its form to be found and is just like the continually effervescent volcanoes seen in Hollywood movies. Although most volcanoes erupt for just some days, Mount Michael’s volcano persistently spits lava at temperatures of roughly 1,000°C. The volcano is on Saunders Island, a part of the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, a British Abroad territory. It has by no means been climbed resulting from its unscalable crevassed icy floor.
The snow across the peak is alleged to have an icing sugar consistency due to the plumes of steam that blast its floor, making it particularly harmful to fly over.
A workforce of scientists from College School London and the British Antarctic Survey paired as much as make the invention.
The researchers analysed satellite tv for pc imagery from 2003 to final yr to establish the persistent lava lake.
Earlier analysis had pointed in direction of a persistent lava lake.
In 2001 low-resolution knowledge recommended geothermal exercise throughout the mountain, however couldn’t show that there was a lava lake there.
With the assistance of superior and trendy satellite tv for pc imagery expertise, gathering knowledge from distant places similar to Mount Michael has been made a lot simpler.
Alex-Burton-Johnson, from the British Antarctic Survey, mentioned: “The lava lake has improved our understanding of the volcanic exercise and hazard on this distant island, and tells us extra about these uncommon options.
“It has helped us develop strategies to observe volcanoes from house.”
The lake is between 90m and 215m (700ft) huge.
In contrast to most volcanoes, Mount Michael is believed to emit gas-rich lava, which by no means overflows nor cools sufficient for a “plug” of solidified wealthy to type.
The opposite seven identified persistent lava lakes are Mount Nyiragongo (DR Congo), Erta Ale (Ethiopia), Mount Erebus (Antarctica), Ambrym and Mount Yasur (Vanuatu), Kilauea (Hawaii) and Masaya (Nicaragua).
Captain James Prepare dinner found the southern eight islands in 1775. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is the least populated British abroad territory, reaching peaks of 35 individuals in the summertime months.